You’ll win the battle with this Two-Step flea control program.
Dogs are like babies--they require care and feeding on a regular basis. Some of that "care" includes vaccinations, parasite prevention, and disease screening. There's a lot of confusing information on vet care for dogs, so here's our super simple "who/what/when" primer we use with dogs and puppies in our hospital. It includes the basic services/medications each healthy puppy and adult dog should receive.
- Examination -- first visit and then every 3 weeks (i.e., with every set of vaccinations) until 16 weeks of age.
- DHP-P (Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo) vaccination -- first given at 6 to 8 weeks of age, then boosted every 3 weeks until at least 16 weeks of age.
- Rabies vaccination -- given at 12 weeks of age. It cannot be given earlier.
- Leptospirosis vaccination -- first given at 12 weeks of age, then boosted 3 weeks later. It can be given as early as 8 weeks of age if necessary.
- Bordetella vaccination (oral) -- given at 12 weeks of age to dogs who will be groomed, boarded, or go to dog parks and the like. It can be given as early as 8 weeks of age if necessary.
- Influenza vaccination (bivalent) -- first given at 12 weeks of age, then boosted 3 weeks later, to dogs who will be groomed, boarded, or go to dog parks and the like. It can be given as early as 6 weeks of age if necessary.
- Start monthly heartworm preventive at first visit.
- Start monthly flea control at first visit.
- Fecal Analysis -- tests for intestinal parasites: worms, coccidia, giardia.
- Deworming -- at first visit and as needed.
- Examination -- annually
- Heartworm test -- annually
- Fecal analysis -- annually
- DHP-P vaccination - the vaccination is boosted within a year of the original, and then boosted every 3 years. (Dogs that are older than 20 weeks of age may not need a 3-week booster after their initial vaccination--see Puppy Schedule).
- Leptospirosis vaccination -- annually
- Rabies vaccination -- the vaccination is boosted within a year of the original (365 days or less), and then boosted within every 3 years.
- Bordetella vaccination (oral) -- annually for dogs who will be groomed, boarded, or go to dog parks and the like.
- Influenza vaccination (bivalent) -- annually for dogs who will be groomed, boarded, or go to dog parks and the like.
- Heartworm preventive -- monthly
- Flea control -- monthly
- Geriatric/Senior blood profile -- starting at 7 years of age and then annually.
Note: if an adult dog presents as overdue for Leptospirosis or Influenza vaccination by more than 18 months, these will need an initial vaccination and a boosted vaccination in 2 to 4 weeks.
For additional info or to schedule an appointment, call us at 281.351.7184 or online at kindvet.com.
We love 'em like you do!
Dental disease is the number one diagnosis I make day-in and day-out in our hospital. In fact, a recent nationwide study revealed that 93% of dogs and 88% of cats older than 3 years of age have periodontal disease. Unchecked, dental disease destroys gums, teeth, and bone, and can lead to bacterial infection in the blood stream and vital organs.
Before your pet’s plaque (that slimy bio-film on their teeth) has progressed to periodontal disease, here are 6 proven-effective things you can do to improve their dental health:
Tooth brushing: Yes, I’m sorry to say, brushing your pet’s teeth daily or every other day is the gold-standard to preventing the build-up of plaque. Nothing else comes close. The mechanical action of the brushing coupled with the dissolving action of the toothpaste is key. Sadly, studies show brushing once a week or less had no effect at all on dental health. Be sure to use toothpaste, such as C.E.T., specifically formulated for companion animal use, and stay away from human toothpaste.
Dental wipes: Infused wipes (such as DentAcetic Dental Wipes) are used to mechanically remove the plaque and apply plaque control agents to the teeth. These work well, but be careful as you're putting your fingers in harm's way of teeth that bite.
Cotton-tipped applicators: Think of these as mini-wipes without the plaque control agent. Cats, especially, are more receptive to this type of cleaning, especially if the applicator is dipped in tuna juice.
Diet. Unfortunately, hard food alone does not prevent plaque or tartar accumulation, even with prescription dental diets (such as Purina DH). Yes, the teeth are mechanically cleaned as food is chewed, but only a small number of teeth are involved in the process, and those that aren’t touched don’t benefit.
Soluble dental chews: Some of these (such as C.E.T. Chews) will mechanically remove plaque with chewing, but the same problem exists as with hard food—not all of the teeth are touched. Too, some dental chews have been implicated in choking injuries.
Water additives: These have been developed to be added to a cat or dog’s water. Healthy Mouth seems to be the water additive of choice of veterinary dentists.
There are thousands of dental home care products on the market, but only a small number of these are approved by the Veterinary Oral Health Council (VOHC) as they have been proven to remove the accumulation of plaque and/or calculus by at least 20%. Click here for accepted dog products and here for accepted cat products.
Ultimately, a complete dental examination and dental cleaning is the only way to combat periodontal disease once it’s taken root. Give us a call at 281.351.7184 for more info. You can also schedule an appointment at kindvet.com
“We love ‘em like you do!”
It's that happy time of year at our office when we get covered up with brand-new, cute and cuddly Christmas puppies. Come springtime, however, many of these puppies will have morphed into fiendish little devils, and their owners will be quite surprised.
If you're getting a puppy this Holiday Season, it's critical that you understand "good-dogs" don't "just happen", and behavioral problems are the main reason dogs are relinquished to a shelter. A well-behaved dog is the result of early training by a great owner!
Here are the 5 most important tips for training your new puppy:
1. Puppy training should begin IMMEDIATELY and cannot wait until after the puppy is fully vaccinated. Between 4 and 14 weeks of age, puppies are the most prepared to accept new people and animals than at any other time. This is prime-time for socialization--introduce your puppy to anything they may encounter as an adult during these formative weeks such as:
--a variety of people (old, young, male, and female);
--healthy, fully-vaccinated, and friendly dogs owned by trustworthy friends;
--other species such as cats, livestock, birds, ferrets, etc;
--being held, touched, groomed, and tooth brushing;
--a variety of sights, smells, and sounds (use your smartphone, especially for thunderstorm sounds).
Be smart about these encounters, however. Until a puppy has completed his vaccination series (at 16 weeks of age), he is at risk of contracting an infectious life-threatening disease. So, stay away from dog parks and don't take him shopping at pet stores where he could interact with a questionable dog.
2. You must understand "normal" puppy behavior, as puppies that are fearful, aggressive, or unwilling to explore or interact need IMMEDIATE help. This behavior can often be changed if the training is started before 14 weeks of age.
Normal, healthy puppies explore calmly or playfully, exhibit friendly behavior, are responsive when invited to interact, and can tolerate an examination. Some subtle signs of stress include yawning, lip licking, looking sleepy, and/or refusing treats when being handled.
3. You must train for desired behaviors, and train to prevent frustrating behaviors.
Densensitize the collar
- Keep a bowl of his kibble (dry food) on the counter in the kitchen to use as training treats.
- Whenever you enter the kitchen, pick up a kibble, reach down and lightly tug on your puppy's collar, and then quickly reward him with praise and give him the kibble with your hand that is not holding his collar. Do this with your left and then right hand. Repeat many times throughout the day.
- This is a critical first training step as it gets your puppy used to the collar, he learns to settle down quickly, and it teaches the beginning of "sit" and "recall" (or "come") when called.
- Teach your puppy to sit, and ask him to sit before anyone pets him. Initially, holding toys or treats can keep a puppy's attention until he sits.
- For overzealous puppies, 1 person can hold a leash just taut enough so sitting is more comfortable than jumping up.
Prevent house soiling
- Supervision is critical; it's important to create an elimination schedule for puppies.
- Active puppies need to urinate as often as every 15 minutes. Puppies typically eliminate immediately after they wake up and within 10-15 minutes of eating or drinking.
- When supervision is not possible, puppies should be confined to a safe area or crate.
- If puppies need to be left alone for extended periods, provide a safe opportunity for relief. Confinement areas should include a sleeping place and a designated substrate for toileting. For example, a crate with bedding may be placed inside a larger enclosure such as a play-yard that contains a pad for elimination. Puppies should be left for no more than 1 hour for every 1 month in age, plus 1 additional hour.
- If a “mistake” occurs despite these preventive strategies, puppies should not be scolded—they are still learning. Reprimands and raised voices create confusion and fear.
- Clean up accidents thoroughly with enzyme-based cleaners. If possible, place paper towels used for clean-up outside in areas designated for your puppy's elimination.
- Puppies often mouth when they become excited during petting or play. Always keep a toy handy. It is easy to teach puppies to hold a toy instead of a hand.
- Games such as fetch can keep puppies focused on toys instead of hands; do not encourage your puppy to play with your hand.
Prevent destructive behavior
- Puppies explore the world with their mouths and benefit from having an assortment of toys that are regularly rotated to retain novelty. Make sure these toys are non-destructible, as some puppies will swallow foreign objects which may cause intestinal blockage.
- When supervision is not available, puppies should be confined in a safe area or crated with a safe chew toy or long-lasting treat.
- Food-dispensing toys keep puppies busy—at least 1 meal a day can be fed in a food-dispensing toy.
4. All puppies benefit from structured, reward-based puppy training classes. Pick a class that has a calm atmosphere, is respectful to owners and puppies, and is reward-based. It's best to avoid classes that use confrontational training methods as studies show they are associated with fear and aggression in dogs.
5. Let your veterinarian know if your puppy exhibits any undesirable behaviors such as jumping up, growling, excessive barking, mouthing, destructive behavior, or housebreaking problems. You may be able to tolerate these for the short term, but most puppies will not "outgrow" these behaviors and, in fact, they often get worse with age. I can't stress enough that eliminating bad behavior by training a puppy after 16 weeks of age is infinitely more difficult than training in those earlier weeks.
We're happy to help you with your new puppy! If you have questions about vaccinations, training, deworming, heartworm or flea control, microchipping your puppy, or puppy diseases give us a call at 281.351.7184 or contact us at kindvet.com.
We love 'em like you do!
Halloween is right around the corner. To help you prepare for the big night ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center put together a list of the 5 most commonly noted Halloween-related problems.
1) Lock candy safely away. Kids love to stash candy in their rooms, but a dog's keen sense of smell will lead him to even the most cleverly hidden treasure. Contact a veterinary professional right away if your pet does get into Halloween candy, especially if it contains chocolate or is sugar-free and contains xylitol.
2) Don't leave glow sticks lying around. Glow sticks are used to help keep kids safe while they are out in the dark. Pets (especially cats) find these glow sticks to be a lot of fun as well, and we commonly get calls about pets puncturing the sticks. While most of them are labeled as non-toxic, they do have an extremely bitter taste and we will often see pets who bite into them drooling and racing around the house. A little treat or sip of milk will usually stop the taste reaction.
3) Keep your pet identified and visible. There are a lot of extra people on the streets at Halloween, and that combined with strange costumes can spook pets and cause them to bolt. If you take your pet out after dark, make sure he or she wears a reflective collar and is securely leashed. And make sure your pet has proper identification on the collar and a microchip.
4) Calm your pet. Even pets who are kept indoors may experience intense anxiety over the large number of strangely dressed visitors. Keeping your pet away from trick-or-treaters may do the trick, but if you think more will be needed be sure and speak with your vet well in advance about options to help calm your pet.
5) Check those costumes. Costumes can be fun for the whole family. If you are planning on dressing up your best bud, ensure that the costume fits well and isn't going to slip and tangle the pet or cause a choking hazard if chewed on. Never leave a costumed pet unattended.
As always, we're here to serve--give us a call with any of your dog or cat health-related needs, kindvet.com or 281.351.7184.
We love 'em like you do!
Harvey, in whatever form, is just about upon us in the Gulf Coast region. Now's the time to have a pet emergency plan and supplies.
Consider creating an Evac-Pack for your pets. Make sure that everyone in the family knows where it is. This kit should be clearly labeled and easy to carry.
Items to consider keeping in or near your pack include:
Water: at least 7 days worth of bottled water for each person and pet.
Food: enough for at least a week if not longer. Store the food in water tight containers. Remember, changing diets leads to diarrhea and dehydration, so try your best to prevent food change.
Pet feeding dishes.
Liquid dish soap and disinfectant.
Proper transport: a crate, sturdy carrier, or traveling bag, preferably one for each pet. Be sure the carrier is large enough for your pet to stand, turn around, and lie down. Protective underpads should be considered to line the carrier in case of accidents.
Disposable litter trays (aluminum roasting pans work great).
Litter (scoopable is best), paper towels, and plastic bags for waste clean-up.
Extra harness or collar with I.D. tags, and leash. For dogs include a long leash and yard stake.
Photocopies of medical records and a waterproof container with a two-week supply of any medicine your pet requires.
Blanket (for scooping up a fearful pet).
Recent photos of your pets in case you are separated and need to make "Lost" posters.
Make sure your pets are microchipped and up to date on vaccinations.
Identify shelters and pet-friendly hotels in advance.
Finally, be sure to take care of your family and have a human emergency kit. Include batteries, duct tape, flashlight, radio, multi-tool, tarp, rope, permanent marker, spray paint, baby wipes, protective clothing and footwear, extra cash, rescue whistle, important phone numbers (including emergency contact numbers outside your immediate area), extra medication, and copies of medical and insurance information. Too, keep a NOAA Weather Radio tuned to your local emergency station.
For additional information:
Stay safe out there and let us know how we can help you! 281.351.7184 or kindvet.com
We love 'em like you do!
Be sure your dog's Distemper vaccination is up-to-date as Harris County is having an outbreak of this disease.
HCPH Veterinary Public Health has issued an urgent alert regarding the rise of distemper in the Harris County pet population. The Harris County Animal Shelter has enacted Code Red Protocols which include strict isolation and quarantine of sick and exposed animals and enhanced bio-security for visitors and staff. What makes this disease difficult to identify in shelters is the long incubation period: dogs who have contracted Canine Distemper can shed the virus for weeks to months.
Here is HCPH - VPH's news release, June 25, 2017:
The Harris County Animal Shelter has recently seen an increase in the Canine Distemper virus in our shelter dogs.
The shelter is aware of 10 cases of Canine Distemper. The dogs in question were in the shelter during the period of June 15 – July 14. Our on-going investigation is tracing any possible exposures to these dogs while they were in the shelter and contacting adopters, rescues, and fosters who now have these dogs. The dogs that may have been exposed, either in the shelter or in foster care are being tested for the virus. We are taking additional steps to identify infected dogs upon intake and implement proper quarantine and isolation procedures.
“Although we vaccinate all animals as they enter our shelter, we have no information about their health history. They may be shedding the infectious Canine Distemper virus without showing any signs of disease until days later. At that point, they may have already exposed other dogs to the disease.” said Dr. Michael White, director of the Harris County Animal Shelter.
Canine Distemper is a highly contagious, potentially deadly disease caused by a virus which attacks the respiratory (eye, nose, throat), nervous system (brain and nerves) and/or the gastrointestinal system (stomach and intestines). It can also lead to life-long damage in some recovered animals. Young puppies and dogs that have not been vaccinated or which have a weak immune system are most at risk. However, any dog can become infected and sick with the disease.
Canine Distemper virus is spread from animal to animal or in the air. Since our shelter was built in 1986, it consistently holds many more animals than it was designed for due to lack of adequate space. These conditions may cause diseases to spread more easily
- Runny eyes and nose (respiratory signs)
- Diarrhea and vomiting
- Muscle twitching or seizures
- The skin on the paws and nose can also harden
These symptoms usually develop in 1-2 weeks after exposure, but it can be as long as 4-5 weeks or even more. There is no cure for distemper and the only medical option is to treat the symptoms as they occur. Many sick dogs require extensive treatment and care in a veterinary hospital. Once nervous system signs appear (seizures & muscle twitching), the dog may never recover or may have life-long damage.
Currently vaccinated dogs can still become infected by the Canine Distemper virus, but they only show mild or no signs of the disease. It is important that you follow up on the complete series of vaccinations to help prevent this disease in your new dog or puppy. We highly recommend that you make sure any pets you have in your home are currently vaccinated against this serious disease before bringing home a new pet.
The shelter is taking every precaution possible to end this outbreak of Canine Distemper, including additional disinfecting procedures and revised animal handling procedures. Fortunately, the virus is killed by most disinfectants.
If you adopted a dog from our shelter from June 15 through July 24, 2017, and it is showing any of the described symptoms, please contact the shelter at: 281.999.3191. We can provide consultation, examination, medication(s) and testing as deemed necessary by our veterinary staff at no cost to you.
The Harris County Animal Shelter is part of Veterinary Public Health (VPH), a Division of Harris County Public Health. The Harris County Animal Shelter takes in about 20,000 stray dogs and cats from unincorporated Harris County each year. It also provides shelter, care and adoptions for homeless pets, animal control in neighborhoods, zoonotic disease surveillance, and education on responsible pet ownership.
We love 'em like you do!
Fireworks are wonderful fun for us, but many dogs are terrified by the explosions even to the point of panic, injury, or running away. Common signs of firework fear include panting, pacing, drooling, hiding, and barking.
Here are some pointers to fight firework fears:
- Provide a safe place: It's best to stay home with your pet if you know he has fireworks phobia. If that's not possible, be sure he is safely confined inside and well-identified with a collar/tags and a microchip. Place your dog in the basement, a center room in the house, or any room with lots of insulation in the walls, and play gentle music or white noise to drown out some of the scary sounds. Too, nervous dogs often drink lots of water, so have plenty available.
- Provide a distraction: Use a fillable Kong-type toy to create a yummy challenge for your dog to play with during the fireworks. Fill the toy with dog food, treats, or fresh veggies and then add peanut butter (without xylitol), yogurt, or applesauce to fill the gaps. Place the toy in the freezer a few hours before the fireworks, then give it to him when the noises begin.
- Provide comfort and love: Receiving love and comfort from trusted humans can help during panic situations. Support your dog by speaking to him in a soothing voice and offering snuggles. Your dog may also benefit from playful interactions with you, such as fetching a ball or playing with a toy.
- Try anti-anxiety pet products:
- Synthetic pheromones such as Comfort Zone Adaptil Spray or DAP.
- Herbal relaxants such as Composure or Rescue Remedy.
- Pressure wraps such as Thundershirts or Anxiety Wraps.
- Calming Caps or Ear Muffs.
- Consider prescription medications: Talk to your veterinarian about the various types of short term sedatives or anti-anxiety medications that are available. It is much easier to prevent panic in your dog than stop it, so these medications are best given before the fireworks begin. Frequently used medications include trazodone, Valium, alprazolam, clomipramine, and fluoxetine. It is important to know that, although some medications may start working within hours, a few take several weeks to build up to an effective level. Too, the effect of a medication may vary so you should test it with your dog before the fireworks season starts.
- Consider a veterinary specialist: By planning ahead, another way of getting fireworks fear under control is to schedule an appointment with a veterinary behaviorist who can work with you and your pet on true behavior modification.
Bottom line: The most important thing you can do is begin to address your dog's firework phobia and not ignore it, as this type of fear and panic usually gets worse with time.
Give us a call if you need help this fireworks season at 281.351.7184. Or find us at kindvet.com
We love 'em like you do!
Rabies is a progressive and deadly viral disease that affects the brain of carnivores and bats, primarily, although any mammal can be infected. Small mammals such as squirrels, rats, mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, chipmunks, rabbits, and hares are almost never found to be infected with rabies, and have not been know to cause rabies among humans in the U.S.
Rabies is transmitted through saliva and brain/nervous system tissue, and this almost always occurs through a bite from an infected animal. There is some thought the virus may rarely spread through mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth), and there are 11 human cases that occurred from organ transplants (corneas and solid organs). The high-risk carriers in Texas are bats, raccoons, skunks, coyotes, and foxes. However, the U.S. sees between 80 to 100 dogs and more than 300 cats with rabies each year. In foreign countries the number-one cause of human rabies is dog bites, with monkey bites coming up second.
Rabies has the highest case fatality of any infectious disease. Annually, in the U.S., 1 to 3 people die from rabies, however the numbers are staggering worldwide: over 60,000 people die each year. If you are bitten by a mammal, it is important to wash the wound thoroughly, seek immediate medical assistance, and report the bite to the local rabies control authority. Once a person begins to exhibit signs of the disease, survival is rare. To date, less than 10 documented cases of human survival from clinical rabies have been reported.
In the U.S. rabies vaccination is key in preventing disease in our pets. In Texas, dogs and cats must be vaccinated against rabies by 4 months of age, and follow-up boosters are required. Although not required by law, it is recommended that livestock (especially those that have frequent contact with humans), domestic ferrets, and wolf-dog hybrids be vaccinated against rabies.
For more info when traveling to foreign countries.
To report a bite case in Texas.
We love 'em like you do!
...is June 20th. Protect your pet!
In recent weeks, #dogflu has been identified in dogs and could be a threat to your pup. The best way to protect dogs from #dogflu is prevention through vaccination. That’s why on June 20, 2017, we’re partnering with Merck Animal Health for #dogfluday to offer discounted dog flu vaccines at our clinic.
On that day the cost for Canine Influenza vaccination will be discounted by 30%. In addition, first time clients can use our coupon for a free exam for each of their pets who are receiving the dog flu vaccination that day.
We love 'em like you do!